The Therapeutic Spiral ModelTM

a psychodrama model for working with trauma safely

The processing of overwhelming experiences requires a gentle and structured approach that avoids regression and supports the experience of inner safety and containment. Classical psychodrama is a profound healing modality, yet it can easily overwhelm people who bring a history of trauma - either openly or covertly.


The Therapeutic Spiral Model (TSM) is a clinically modified form of psychodrama that has been designed to support people affected by trauma. It offers structures, interventions, and templates to direct the psychodramatic process into safe and contained ways.


The TSM was founded more than 20 years ago by experienced psychodrama trainers and has been improved and refined ever since. It combines psychodrama with the insights of the Ego State-Therapy and the neurobiology of trauma, and it provides a model that allows to work safely and yet deeply with traumatic experiences.


Trauma & Psychodrama


Axel Eichel, M.Sc., is TSM-Trainer, Healing Practitioner for Psychotherapy, and Psychodrama Practitioner. He works in a practice in Berlin and teaches TSM trainings. Axel has travelled the world for more than 10 years studying alternative healing practices and spiritual consciousness work;

Trauma & Psychodrama


Kate Hudgins, Ph.D., is a Clinical Psychologist, an international Master Trainer in Psychodrama, and primary developer of the Therapeutic Spiral Method. She directs the International Certification Program in Experiential Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and has trained more than 800 psychologists, counselors, and educators to build Action Trauma Teams using the method. She lives in Virginia, USA;

Trauma & Psychodrama







Healing World Trauma with the Therapeutic Spiral Model


The newest TSM-book, with an in-depth introduction to the TSM in practice and its evolution - explaining how it works, its relationship with classical psychodrama, neurobiology, experiential psychotherapy, and clinical psychology; and it describes ways in which the TSM has been used with diverse populations, and in different languages and cultures. To be ordered at amazon.